ELIHU


ELIHU
ELIHU (Heb. אֱלִיהוּא, once אֱלִיהוּ; "God is the one (who is to be thanked, or worshipped)"), son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, a character – first introduced, and quite unexpectedly, at Job 32:2 – who addresses Job and his three friends from 32:6 through chapter 37. (For the literary problem this creates and an analysis of Elihu's contribution to the discussion, see Job, Book of .) The names assigned to Elihu and to his father (Barachel, "God has (or "is") blessed") may hint that the author of these chapters approves of the point of view that Elihu represents. The tribe and family assigned to him, however ("the Buzite, of the family of Ram"), are obviously chosen, like for example, the name and tribe of eliphaz the Temanite, in order to conform to the setting of the oldest stratum of the Book of Job ("the land of uz ," Job 1:1; "the kedemites ," 1:3b); for according to Genesis 22:21, Buz was a younger brother of Uz and an uncle of Aram, with whom the Septuagint and Symmachus, probably rightly, identify this Ram. A less likely possibility is the connection of Elihu's ancestry to Ram, grandson of Judah in the late sources (Ruth 4:19; I Chr. 2:9) that are followed by the New Testament (Matt. 1:2). (Harold Louis Ginsberg) -In the Aggadah The aggadah praises both the wisdom and modesty of Elihu. He was called "buzi" (lit. "lowly"; Job 32:2), only because he considered himself of low account in the presence of those greater than himself (Zohar, 2:166a), and showed his wisdom in never speaking until he had listened to what Job had to say (ARN1 37, 111–112). His wisdom is reflected in his statement: "Touching the Almighty, we can never find Him out" (Job 37:23). He would have merited to be mentioned in Scriptures had he done no more than describe the action of the rainfall (cf. Job 36:27 and 37:3; Gen. R. 36:7). Elihu was a prophet (Sot. 15b) and descended from Nahor, the brother of Abraham (SER 28, 141–2). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ginzberg, Legends, index; Y. Ḥasida, Isheiha-Tanakh (1964), 65–66.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Elihu — can refer to several things.People*Elihu, a friend of Job appearing in the Book of Job. *Elihu Burritt (1810 ndash;1879), a philanthropist, linguist, and social activist. *Elihu Harris, mayor of Oakland, California, U.S. *Elihu Emory Jackson, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Elihu — ist der Name einer der Personen, die im Buch Ijob im Alten Testament der Bibel den vom Schicksal und von den Hiobsbotschaften schwer getroffenen Ijob (Hiob) in seinem Leiden trösten möchten. Elihu betont Ijob gegenüber vor allem Gottes absolute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elihu —   [hebräisch »er ist Gott«], Eigenname im Alten Testament. Wichtigster Träger ist Elihu, der Sohn des Barakel aus Bus, der in vier Reden zwischen den Auffassungen Hiobs und seiner Freunde zu vermitteln sucht (Hiob 32 37) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Elihu — Elihu, einer der Freunde Hiobs, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Elihu — masc. proper name, Hebrew, lit. he is my God …   Etymology dictionary

  • Elihu — [ē lī′hyo͞o΄, ilī′hyo͞o; el′i hyo͞o΄] n. [Heb, lit., my God is he] Bible one of Job s visitors in his affliction: Job 32 37 …   English World dictionary

  • Elihu — /el euh hyooh , i luy hyooh/, n. 1. a young man who entered into discourse with Job. Job. 32 37. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb elihu lit., my God is he] * * * …   Universalium

  • Elihu —    Whose God is he.    1) The son of Barachel, a Buzite (Job 32:2), one of Job s friends. When the debate between Job and his friends is brought to a close, Elihu for the first time makes his appearance, and delivers his opinion on the points at… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Elihu — biblischer Name hebräischen Ursprungs, Bedeutung: er ist Gott. Namensträger: Elihu Root, US amerikanischer Friedensnobelpreisträger …   Deutsch namen

  • Elihu — /el euh hyooh , i luy hyooh/, n. 1. a young man who entered into discourse with Job. Job. 32 37. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb elihu lit., my God is he] …   Useful english dictionary